Donnerstag, 16. November 2017

Lust-Unlust-Steuerung des Verhaltens:

Lust-Unlust geben uns ein Feedback bezüglich unseres Verhaltens. Es ist ein Schlüsselmerkmal des Menschen, dass er dieses Feedback in gewissem Ausmaß ignorieren kann und also in der Lage ist, anders  zu handeln, als es das Feedback vorsieht:

"Consciousness, foresight, self-awareness, conscience, and related aspects of the human psyche have evolved as a set of >overrides< of more widespread (and not necessarily solely human), generalized indicators of immediate costs and benefits. The most prominent and perhaps most general of such indicators of immediate costs and benefits are pain and pleasure. ..."


The Biology of Moral Systems
Richard D. Alexander (1987)

Development of a Synchronization Coefficient for Biosocial Interactions in Groups and Teams

https://philpapers.org/rec/GUADOA-2

Mittwoch, 15. November 2017

Episodic thoughts:

Almost all the time there is some simulation going on within our minds.
(At least in our waking hours.)
Every scientific field has its distinct population of ideas and statements.

Everyday Life as an Intelligence Test (II):

>We all make mistakes in life, and Alexander Pope’s “To err is human” is a familiar refrain. There is good reason, however, for supposing that the probabilities of making a mistake in any given situation, independent of experience, vary from individual to individual according to IQ or score on any good test of g, the general intelligence factor. This would help explain why “some people make more errors than other people” ... . Full recognition of this probability differential is blunted by the fact that, although life in some ways resembles a test of general intelligence, life departs in many ways from the formal requirements of a well-designed psychometric instrument. Combined with age differences in experience (which can easily be mistaken for differences in intelligence) and with age differences in cumulative lifetime risk (which can let the histories of younger and hence less exposed persons seem more error free than those of older, more exposed ones of equal intelligence), such departures from psychometric rigor obscure the role of g but do not negate it. ...<


Source:
Everyday Life as an Intelligence Test: Effects of Intelligence and Intelligence Context
Robert A. Gordon (1997)

Choices:

A person selects ...
(I) ... what he wants to attend to.
(II) ... his actions.

Consciousness & Attention:

By reading Winifred Gallagher's book "Rapt", one's brain becomes hijacked by the following thought: >'Consciousness' almost equals 'Attention'.<

In that sense the earlier mentioned "life advice" could be translated into the statement: "By managing your attention wisely, you manage your consciousness wisely."